Move to the suburbs to settle down to speed up (policy interpretation)
Newspaper reporter He Yong Zhu Jingruo
2016 08 month 12 to source: People's Network - People's daily
Drawing: Zhang Fangman
August 11th, "Beijing city management approach (Trial)," the official release, the implementation of next year. This is a major reform of the household registration management system in Beijing, it is long in Beijing legitimate and stable employment, legal stable residence, in line with the conditions of ordinary workers, establish a fair and open settled channels, strengthen urban into the feeling and sense of belonging, share in the fruits of the development of a harmonious society.
Beijing in the development of this policy in the process of what considerations? Settled conditions are as the outside world as the most serious? After the introduction of the policy does not mean that more easy to settle down?
"Policy, both to solve in line with the conditions of ordinary workers to settle the problem, promote social harmony, and grasp the points located in policy and population control objectives of the effective convergence and balance, but to provide human resources support to enhance the core functions of the capital, final table file is in regard to the overall balance of multiple conditions." Li Guoping, President of the Capital Development Institute of Peking University, said in a policy setting.
On the outskirts of employment and living to give extra encouragement
"So-called integral settled refers to through the establishment of index system, the residence permit holders who apply settled conditions were quantified, and given a certain score for each index, total score reaches the required scores of personnel can apply for permanent residence in Beijing." Beijing development and Reform Commission related to the person in charge.
Beijing integral settled index system around the strategic positioning of the capital city and at this stage of the development needs of the design, mainly oriented to meet the requirements of ordinary workers, focused on solving the to Beijing for a long time, the employment ability of personnel to settle the problem. In brief, the overall framework of the policy can be summarized as "4+2+7"". The four qualifications: hold a Beijing residence permit, the statutory retirement age, in Beijing continues to pay social insurance for at least seven years, no criminal record; two basic indicators: legitimate and stable employment and stable legal residence; seven oriented indicators, including education, vocational region, innovation and entrepreneurship, taxes, age, honorary recognition, law-abiding records.
In addition to Beijing, Shanghai, Tianjin, Guangzhou and Shenzhen and other cities have introduced the integration system. Reporter compared several cities on the entry requirements, found that Beijing's approach is not as online as said, "the history of the most stringent". For example, in the age of the applicant, Guangzhou required in 20 - 45 years old, Shenzhen requirements in 18 - at the age of 48, Beijing provides the statutory retirement age, relative to the expansion of the integral settled for the range of people can join, more in line with the original intention of the policy. For example, Shanghai requires 7 years to pay social security and need to have intermediate or higher professional titles or technicians above professional qualifications, and Beijing on the title, professional qualifications are not implemented, one vote veto".
"In terms of entry qualifications, Beijing in several major cities should be regarded as the level of the middle." Professor Li Guoping said that the implementation of the Beijing approach in the implementation of national requirements under the premise, highlighting the legitimate and stable employment and stable residence and other basic requirements, focusing on solving the problem of qualified workers settled in. At the same time set up a number of guiding indicators, such as Beijing as a national science and technology innovation center, cultural center, a higher demand for personnel related areas, so the policy set up educational background and innovation and entrepreneurship indicators. For instance, in order to ease the non capital function, promote optimizing the layout of urban space, to suburban employment and living give bonus to encourage. The regulations, the applicant residence transfer from six districts of the city to the other administrative areas, every 1 years plus points, the maximum plus 6. Employment and residence of the applicant are transferred to other administrative regions by the city six areas, each full 1 years plus 4 points, the maximum plus 12 points.
After the publicity to settle, to prevent the resort to deceit
According to reports, Beijing integral settled policy implementation of the "total amount control + voluntary, by way of" first application, after marking "each year will be according to the actual application scale, combined with annual population control target requirements, through the comprehensive measure to co-ordinate the study identified to settle scores.
Deputy director of the Beijing Municipal Development and Reform Commission, spokesman Li Sufang says integral settled policy the vital interests of the masses, the implemented policy will run in the sun, through institutionalized regulations reduce discretionary space.
After the introduction of the integral management approach, the relevant departments will also introduce the detailed rules for the implementation of, clear indicators of standards and policy execution operational processes, in general, need to be after applicants, entity declaration, audit of departmental interaction, unified to the publicity and other social sectors, and ultimately determine the settled personnel before it can apply for relevant settle formalities. In order to maximize the convenience of handling, the applicant unit to the administrative region where the human social security departments to declare, the use of information management channels, the implementation of online. Each year will determine the a period focused on the application at a time, then apply not to settle scores, the second years continue to declare, the applicant need only choose to update the information of change, there is no information changes the original score remained unchanged.
All relevant departments will strictly audit procedures. Information submitted by the applicant through city and district levels, people club department and a municipal departments information auditing linkage, cross validation, to ensure the authenticity, the final summary to the social sectors, the integral settled in information system to calculate the comprehensive score of the applicant. Set up publicity system to prevent illegal operation. Points to achieve the required score of the applicant, to be after the publicity link in order to settle down.
The residence permit holders to enjoy more public services
With the integral settled policy, the people want to settle in Beijing is more difficult or easier?
Beijing Municipal Development and Reform Commission, the person in charge, the current settled in the main channels of college graduates, the introduction of talent, to join their relatives and mobilization of the working and integral settled policy implementation and other channels still according to the original policy execution. In that, the integral settled for the people to add a new channel.
At the same time, as the capital of Beijing, the complexity of the management of account migration and population pressure is far greater than other large cities. "Red 13th Five-Year population" line in 23 million, but now the city of Beijing resident population has reached 21 million 705 thousand. Statistics Department data show that in 2015 the actual number of resident population increased by about 8000000 compared to 2000. Studies have shown that in this process, the growth of foreign population is the main reason for the growth of the resident population in Beijing. From 2000 to 2015, the average annual growth rate of the resident foreign population in Beijing was 8.1%, far exceeding the household registration population of 1.3% annual growth rate.
National requirements for different population size of the city to implement differentiated settled policy, including large cities to strictly control the size of the population. It is not only to take into account the interests of nearly all of the workers in Beijing, stable employment, stable living, but also to take into account the need for the development of the city of Beijing. "Maintaining a balance between the two is a test for us." Beijing Municipal Development and Reform Commission, the relevant responsible person said.
Integration of the effectiveness of the implementation of the policy after the implementation of the public's expectations will not have a gap? Relevant departments responsible person said, Beijing City, the full implementation of the residence permit system, will be synchronized to establish a residence permit for the carrier, and the basic public services linked to the residence permit system. In addition, Beijing is also actively create conditions to steadily expand the scope of public services to hold a witness. "People's Daily" (2016 08, 02, 12 Edition)